9. PB – Jülich (Germany)

The Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ) is one of the largest research centres in the EU, joining 14 institutes with focus on structure of matter, energy, informational technology, life and environmental science. It has 5800 employees including ca. 1800 scientists.

The Institute Bio- and Geosciences: Plant Sciences (IBG-2)  focuses on developing novel plant phenotyping approaches to better understand the structural and functional properties of crops and to translate these for breeding and sustainable plant production in a future bio-based economy. The IBG-2 has a strong expertise in analysis of plant photosynthesis, root properties, and plant mediated exchange processes in the field as well as in contained facilities. IBG-2 is a leading laboratory in the field of non-invasive technology to analyse plant performance and in the development of novel technology and sensors for online analysis by optical and non-optical technologies. IBG-2 runs the Jülich Plant Phenotyping Centre (http://www.fz-juelich.de/icg/icg-3/jppc), leads the German Plant Phenotyping Network (DPPN; http://www.dppn.de), and coordinates the Eurpean Plant Phenotyping Network (EPPN, http://www.plant-phenotyping-network.eu/).

The Research Area ‘Shoot Dynamics’, which is headed by Uwe Rascher and which is the main partner of the TRUSTEE consortium aims to improve our scientific (biological) understanding of plant shoot functioning and dynamic shoot traits from the leaf to the canopy, which will provide the basis to optimize plant production. Our special focus is on understanding of the regulatory properties of photosynthesis, the mechanisms of leaf and canopy water content and transpiration as well as the dynamics in shoot architecture in crops. For this we use and further develop optical phenotyping methods, fluorescence techniques, thermal methods as well as molecular and biochemical approaches. We apply our manual and automated approaches from the level of single leaves and plants in the laboratory and greenhouse to the canopy and field scale and finally in the frame of the FLEX satellite mission to the globe.